Whether it's seasonal or all-year-round, your dog's allergies will have you itching for a solution. Allergies in people tend to affect the sinuses, while in dogs it affects the skin. There are 2 different types of allergies that dogs can suffer from: Environmental Allergies and Food Allergies.

What are the symptoms of allergies?

Allergies of any kind weaken the skin barrier, which predisposes it to infections of yeast and/or bacteria. The symptoms of allergies can present in the following ways:

  • Itching

  • Licking/chewing at the skin

  • Chronic ear infections

  • Inflamed skin

  • Papules/Pustules

  • Hyperpigmentation

  • Hairloss

Environmental Allergies

Also known as Atopic Dermatitis, environmental allergies are the main culprit for itchy and inflamed skin. This can be caused by pollen, grasses, house dust, house dust mites and dander. This type of allergy usually presents itself when the pet is around 1 - 3 years of age, but can also occur later in life as well. Environmental allergies tend to have seasonality to it; sometimes it can be worse in the spring or in the fall, but sometimes both.

Food Allergies

Unlike environmental allergies, food allergies can occur at any age and is a constant problem, rather than coming and going throughout the year. Both the skin and gastrointestinal tract can be affected by food allergies. In recent years, it has been a common misconception that when an animal is allergic to food that it's either corn or gluten. However, when an animal is allergic to food, it is almost always the protein source (chicken, beef, pork, etc.).

What are the treatment options for allergies?